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CentOS7.3安装mysql数据库

CentOS7.3安装mysql数据库

Mysql数据库安装

1.环境

  操作系统:CentOS 7.3

  软件:MySQL 5.7

下载链接:https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

2.开始安装

 2.1.安装依赖包

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]# yum install -y cmake make gcc gcc-c++ libaio ncurses ncurses-devel

 2.2 创建mysql用户

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]# groupadd mysql

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]# useradd -g mysql mysql -s /sbin/nologin

 2.3 解压复制安装包

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]# wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]#tar zxf  mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]# mv mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql

2.4修改目录权限

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]#chown –R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

2.5 初始化数据库

[root@i-679DDF88 ~]# cd /usr/local/mysql/

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]# bin/mysqld –initialize –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

这里会生成一个临时密码

2.6生成key

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]#  bin/mysql_ssl_rsa_setup –datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

2.7 再次修改mysql目录权限

[root@i-679DDF88 local]# chown -R mysql:mysql  /usr/local/mysql

2.8 修改配置文件

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]# vim /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld]

character_set_server=utf8

init_connect=’SET NAMES utf8′

basedir=/usr/local/mysql

datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

socket=/tmp/mysql.sock

#不区分大小写

lower_case_table_names = 1

#不开启sql严格模式

sql_mode = “STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION”

log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log

pid-file=/tmp/mysqld.pid

default_password_lifetime=0

character-set-client-handshake = FALSE

character-set-server = utf8mb4

collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci

init_connect=’SET NAMES utf8mb4′

max_connections = 5000

max_connect_errors = 1000

max_allowed_packet = 128M

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 10240M

innodb_log_file_size = 1024M

lower_case_table_names=1

event_scheduler=ON

skip_name_resolve

back_log=300

user=mysql

server-id=1038003

log-bin=mysql-bin

expire_logs_days = 5

binlog_format = ROW

replicate-wild-ignore-table = information_schema.%

replicate-wild-ignore-table = mysql.%

replicate-wild-ignore-table = performance_schema.%

log_bin_trust_function_creators=1

sync_binlog = 1

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=2

innodb_file_per_table=1

auto_increment_increment=2

auto_increment_offset=2

#密码过期时间,默认为180天,0为永不过期

default_password_lifetime=0

2.9添加系统服务

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]# cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server  /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]#chkconfig –add mysqld

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]#chkconfig –level mysqld 12345 on

2.10 创建连接文件

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin

2.11 启动服务

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start

2.12 连接数据库修改密码

[root@i-679DDF88 mysql]# mysql –uroot -p

alter user user() identified by “newpassword”;

3.FAQ

1.查看数据库提示ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement.

修改密码即可解决

原文地址https://www.cnblogs.com/caiqilang/p/10553848.html

未经允许不得转载:阿里云代金券 » CentOS7.3安装mysql数据库

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