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Mis多级配方处理的简洁方式

Mis多级配方处理的简洁方式http://www.bieryun.com/3409.html

在Mis开发中经常会碰到配方(简易BOM):如进销存中的组装单、拆卸单,MPR中的材料定额等均可以采用配方来解决。下边是一个常规树型配方的基本结构:

CREATE TABLE CL_CPPF(
XH varchar(30) not NULL,–型号
CXH varchar(30) not NULL,–子型号
PFSM varchar(30) NULL,–说明
SL numeric(18, 3) not NULL DEFAULT (0),–子型号数量
ID int IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL
)

网上可以查到多个类似配方处理的代码,大多是采用递归等方始处理的,代码较为复杂,有些时候只需深度为一、二级的小配方,不需要多级深度的大配方。能否用一条SQL语句就可以处理类似一、二级的小配方的呢?

通过努力,笔者终于找到了:
深度为一级的小配方:

Select case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl From CL_CPPF as b
left JOIN CL_CPPF as a on a.xh=b.cxh where b.xh=’DJ-001′

从语句上可以看出,一级的小配方仅仅是个左连查询。这真是大道至简呀。有了一级配方的语句,写二级配方就非常容易了:

Select case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl From
(Select ‘DJ-001′ as xh,case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl From CL_CPPF as b
left JOIN CL_CPPF as a on a.xh=b.cxh where b.xh=’DJ-001′ ) as b
left JOIN CL_CPPF as a on a.xh=b.cxh where b.xh=’DJ-001′

下边是见证奇计的时刻了,
现隆重推出多级(无限级)配方的SQL代码:

declare @XH varchar(30)
declare @ID int,@ID1 int

CREATE TABLE #tmp (
XH varchar(30) NULL,
CXH varchar(30) NULL,
SL numeric(18, 3) NULL DEFAULT (0),
LVL Int NULL DEFAULT (0),–深度
ID int IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL
)

set @XH =’DJ-001’

insert into #tmp (xh,cxh,sl) select a.xh,a.cxh,a.sl from cl_CPPF as a where a.xh= @XH
set @id=0

while exists(select b.xh from #tmp as b, CL_CPPF as a where a.xh=b.cxh and b.xh=@XH and b.id>@id)
begin
select @id1=max(id) from #tmp
insert into #tmp (xh,cxh,sl,LVL)
Select @XH as xh,case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl,b.LVL+1
From #tmp as b, CL_CPPF as a where a.xh=b.cxh and b.xh=@XH and b.id>@id
set @id=@id1
end

select * from #tmp as a where not exists( select xh from cl_CPPF as b where b.xh=a.cxh)
drop table #tmp

非常简单吧,上述多级(无限级)配方的SQL代码也可为编写其它复杂BOM时参考。

上述的代码是从产品主型号查找子材料的代码,作为问题的扩展,我们能否用子材料找出改材料被哪些主型号使用?
这里特别提示一下,代码中的XH 与 CXH 是对等。

上述观点仅供参考,代码上有疑问多联系,我们共同探讨。

    在Mis开发中经常会碰到配方(简易BOM):如进销存中的组装单、拆卸单,MPR中的材料定额等均可以采用配方来解决。下边是一个常规树型配方的基本结构:

CREATE TABLE CL_CPPF(
XH varchar(30) not NULL,–型号
CXH varchar(30) not NULL,–子型号
PFSM varchar(30) NULL,–说明
SL numeric(18, 3) not NULL DEFAULT (0),–子型号数量
ID int IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL
)

网上可以查到多个类似配方处理的代码,大多是采用递归等方始处理的,代码较为复杂,有些时候只需深度为一、二级的小配方,不需要多级深度的大配方。能否用一条SQL语句就可以处理类似一、二级的小配方的呢?

通过努力,笔者终于找到了:
深度为一级的小配方:

Select case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl From CL_CPPF as b
left JOIN CL_CPPF as a on a.xh=b.cxh where b.xh=’DJ-001′

从语句上可以看出,一级的小配方仅仅是个左连查询。这真是大道至简呀。有了一级配方的语句,写二级配方就非常容易了:

Select case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl From
(Select ‘DJ-001′ as xh,case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl From CL_CPPF as b
left JOIN CL_CPPF as a on a.xh=b.cxh where b.xh=’DJ-001′ ) as b
left JOIN CL_CPPF as a on a.xh=b.cxh where b.xh=’DJ-001′

下边是见证奇计的时刻了,
现隆重推出多级(无限级)配方的SQL代码:

declare @XH varchar(30)
declare @ID int,@ID1 int

CREATE TABLE #tmp (
XH varchar(30) NULL,
CXH varchar(30) NULL,
SL numeric(18, 3) NULL DEFAULT (0),
LVL Int NULL DEFAULT (0),–深度
ID int IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL
)

set @XH =’DJ-001’

insert into #tmp (xh,cxh,sl) select a.xh,a.cxh,a.sl from cl_CPPF as a where a.xh= @XH
set @id=0

while exists(select b.xh from #tmp as b, CL_CPPF as a where a.xh=b.cxh and b.xh=@XH and b.id>@id)
begin
select @id1=max(id) from #tmp
insert into #tmp (xh,cxh,sl,LVL)
Select @XH as xh,case when a.sl is null then b.cxh else a.CXH end cxh,b.SL*isnull(a.sl,1) as sl,b.LVL+1
From #tmp as b, CL_CPPF as a where a.xh=b.cxh and b.xh=@XH and b.id>@id
set @id=@id1
end

select * from #tmp as a where not exists( select xh from cl_CPPF as b where b.xh=a.cxh)
drop table #tmp

非常简单吧,上述多级(无限级)配方的SQL代码也可为编写其它复杂BOM时参考。

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